Trunk movement, arrangement of roots and branches, the position of the tree in the pot, the stance of the tree- all have a profound impact on whether the tree looks natural and harmonious or precarious and unbalanced.

The stance of the tree, the angle of its first movement from the ground, has a significant bearing on balance. Very small changes in this can make the tree look settled and imbue it with naturalness.

A simple way of balancing the tree is by bringing the apex in line with and directly above the base of the tree.

An asymmetric balance is sought by harmonising different elements and masses.

The trunk leans to the right and is balanced by a greater proportion of the root mass falling on the opposite side. Balance is further reinforced by positioning the tree to the left of centre in the pot.